Baby boomers would have crossed 60 years of age by now. Many of them are likely to have arthritic joints; however, it does not mean that they have to cut off all activity.
Arthritis is a leading cause of disability for those in their 60s and older adults. Advancements in medical technologies and surgical techniques have helped to replace original joints with artificial ones thus enabling a complete return to normal and daily activities. This is advantageous to those who are old, yet active.
Arthritic individuals that stop responding to conventional therapies and medications are ideal candidates for replacement of painful joints. As has been observed by orthopedic surgeons, hip and knee replacements have produced the most satisfying outcomes after the surgeries. The pain is completely relieved and functionality is restored to the joints after the surgeries. They offer minimum complications if they are done with a lot of accuracy and precision.
There have been many advances in joint replacement since the 1960s when these procedures were first performed. They include:
Computer navigation techniques enable the surgeon to make more precise and accurate placements of the implants. If placed precisely, joints function better allowing for greater turning and flexion.
After the surgery, surgeons use spinal and local anesthetics to decrease pain. This is done so that pain can be controlled using more than one method (multimodal). This generally helps against the use of narcotics which have more long-term side effects.
The preoperative scans of today help to build 3D images that facilitate the creation of the joints to make an exact fit. These images guide the orthopedic surgeon to the exact spot where the joint is to be placed using customized tools specific for the patient.
In robot-assisted surgeries, the orthopedic surgeon will still be in control and will use a robotic arm to improve the accuracy while placing the implants. This type of surgery also helps to preserve the tissue.
The advances in design techniques and improvements in biomaterial quality have resulted in artificial joints that have better range of motion and increased longevity. They are also light in weight but strong enough to bear the body loads.
Joint replacement surgery should be opted for only when all other rehabilitative options have been ruled out. In case you must go in for joint-replacement surgery, the recent advances have made this a safe procedure with the best outcomes and quick and painless recovery. The operated individuals soon return to regular and high levels of activity.
Surgery is opted for like the last resort once all other rehabilitative options are exhausted. However, if you do need a joint replacement, the good news is that the innovations have made these procedures safer and the rehabilitation time quicker than ever before and allows people to return to high levels of activity. Get in touch with Bone & Joints 360 team for more information.
In case you are looking out for joint replacement surgery in Mumbai, you can contact the team at Bones & Joints 360, which houses the best joint replacement surgeons in Mumbai.